The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) include a pattern of instability in personal relationships, self-image, and emotion, as well as impulsive and reckless behavior. The individual must also have at least five of the following symptoms:
- Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment
- A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation
- Identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self
- Impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (e.g., spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating)
- Recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or self-mutilating behavior
- Affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood (e.g., intense episodic dysphoria, irritability, or anxiety usually lasting a few hours and only rarely more than a few days)
- Chronic feelings of emptiness
- Inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (e.g., frequent displays of temper, constant anger, recurrent physical fights)
- Transient, stress-related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms.
It is important to note that this criteria is for professional assessment and should be made by mental health professional with appropriate training and expertise.Regenerate response
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